A new human team is going to face up to a new challenge: GalaSat TWO. A team made up of 21 students from two different grades (2ºESO and 3ºESO). This time, the human team is composed of 9 girls and 12 boys who are working together.There are some goals we want to achieve on this second misión: reach more than 27.602 meters at bursting point; set up a pressure sensor to check out how air pressure changes at different altitudes; set up an ultraviolet light sensor to prove how UV light changes at different altitudes; implement a top camera which allows us to record the bursting point and know how the parachute works during descent.
Thanks to our workmate Anibal de la Torre, we have taken part in STEMooc to show how our project permit us to develop Education Technology Standards for Students: analyze data, plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project, process data and report results, communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences using a variety of media and formats, use models and simulations to explore complex systems, contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems…
Thanks to information from APRS tracker we can compare and validate the predicted flight models vs the real flight. As we can see in the image below, CSUF predictor has been more accurate than ASTRA predictor. The straight line distance from CSUF Landing point to Real Landing Point was 3.33 Kilometers. On the contrary, the predicted flight model by ASTRA shows an enormous difference (17.38 Kilometers)
Galasat ONE began to ascend at 11:50 h and 86 minutes later the high altitude balloon burst reaching an altitude of 27.602 meters. The maximum temperature during that time was -36’5° C. During 19 minutes the payload was on free falling and our device logged a maximum temperature of -53° C at 13:22 h.
The mission GalaSat ONE took place yesterday October 23 at 11:50 am from Palma del Rio, Cordoba. Due to westerly winds aloft, our balloon travelled 66’93 km east to a large hunting farm on an elevated position with breathtaking views of San Rafael de Navallana’s dam where it was recovered at 17:30 pm.
Photo taken at 13:16 pm on October 23, 2015
This first photo above shows the remains of our high altitude balloon just after it burst far above the city of Cordoba in the south of Spain. The bursting point was reached at 27.602 meters where it is possible to see the curvature of the earth. Apart from that, this picture shows us the thin blue line. Note that since there are too few air molecules at altitudes above about 18.300 m to effectively scatter sunlight, the sky appears essentially black. Our balloon and payload ascended into the sky at a rate of 5’33 m/s. All such high altitude balloons burst when the atmospheric air pressure is too low to contain the expanding volume of the gas within the balloon. After bursting, the payload descended back to earth at an average rate of 24’16 m/s. Our balloon’s capsule was retrieved intact and will be re-used for a future launch.
Predicting your balloon’s flight path is a requirement in Spain and the results must be provided to ENAIRE before launch. Fortunately, there are many easy-to-use online calculators that can estimate your path. The most popular online flight prediction tool is the Cambridge University Spaceflight Landing Predictor (CUSF). Given a few parameters this site spit out a predicted flight trajectory overlaid on a 2D interactive map, which can be exported in KML (Keyhole Markup Language) format and loaded into Google Earth, giving you the ability to dynamically navigate your entire flight path at every altitude over a detailed 3D representation of the planet. Four hours before, here you are our flight prediction.
In order to check our APRS Transmitter we have got in touch with a local paramotor club because we are interested on testing it at standard conditions. Thanks to Juan and Mariano, two of its members, we have tested the High Altitude APRS Transmitter this morning. Due to bad weather conditions our device only went up up to 397 meters. From the earth we have observed the track thanks to this site and then we have been able to analyze the whole track on Google Earth.
After summer holidays we have contacted with Spanish National Aviation Authority (AESA). Mrs. Elsa Solera de Andrés informed us that difficulties, due to European regulation about HAB’s, have not disappeared. After that our launch was cancelled last June, we decided to apply for a new HAB flight next autumn. Taking last news into account, we are not confident that our launch will happen. However, we are working to improve each detail related to Galasat Project.
Unfortunately, we have just received an email from Spanish National Aviation Authority that informed us that our HAB flight has been cancelled because of a upcoming European regulation about HAB’s. As the saying goes, “Where there is a will there is a way.” We must not give up under any circumstances. So we have decided to apply to a new HAB flight for next Autumn. Anyway, we want to express our gratitude to Mrs. Elsa Solera de Andrés from Spanish National Aviation Authority for her generous support in order to achieve a suitable solution. Thanks for your patience and understanding. We hope that next Autumn will be a perfect season to our HAB flight.